Drama

Blyth Academy is proud to offer six different drama courses across all high school grade levels.  Scroll down or click below to see what courses!

View our Courses

Drama

ADA1O Drama, Grade 9, (Open)

This course provides opportunities for students to explore dramatic forms and techniques, using material from a wide range of sources and cultures. Students will use the elements of drama to examine situations and issues that are relevant to their lives. Students will create, perform, discuss, and analyse drama, and then reflect on the experiences to develop an understanding of themselves, the art form, and the world around them.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 9
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

ADA2O Drama, Grade 10, (Open)

This course provides opportunities for students to explore dramatic forms, conventions, and techniques. Students will explore a variety of dramatic sources from various cultures and representing a range of genres. Students will use the elements of drama in creating and communicating through dramatic works. Students will assume responsibility for decisions made in the creative and collaborative processes and will reflect on their experiences.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

ADA3M Drama, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course requires students to create and perform in dramatic presentations. Students will analyze, interpret, and perform dramatic works from various cultures and time periods. Students will research various acting styles and conventions that could be used in their presentations, and analyse the functions of playwrights, directors, actors, designers, technicians, and audiences.

Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 9 or 10, Open
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

ADA4M Drama, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course requires students to experiment individually and collaboratively with forms and conventions of both drama and theatre from various cultures and time periods. Students will interpret dramatic literature and other texts and media sources while learning about various theories of directing and acting. Students will examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures, and will analyse how the knowledge and skills developed in drama are related to their personal skills, social awareness, and goals beyond secondary school.

Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

Media Arts

ASM2O Media Arts, Grade 10, (Open)

This course enables students to create media art works by exploring new media, emerging technologies such as digital animation, and a variety of traditional art forms such as film, photography, video, and visual arts. Students will acquire communications skills that are transferable beyond the media arts classroom and develop an understanding of responsible practices related to the creative process. Students will develop the skills necessary to create and interpret media art works.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

ASM3M Media Arts, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course focuses on the development of media arts skills through the production of art works involving traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as new media, computer animation, and web environments. Students will explore the evolution of media arts as an extension of traditional art forms, use the creative process to produce effective media art works, and critically analyse the unique characteristics of this art form. Students will examine the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and values.

Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 10, Open
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

ASM4M Media Arts, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course emphasizes the refinement of media arts skills through the creation of a thematic body of work by applying traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as multimedia, computer animation, installation art, and performance art. Students will develop works that express their views on contemporary issues and will create portfolios suitable for use in either career or postsecondary education applications. Students will critically analyse the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values.

Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

Visual Arts

AVI10 Visual Arts, Grade 9

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

Prerequisite: none
Grade: 9

AVI20 Visual Arts, Grade 10

This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

Prerequisite: none
Grade: 10

AVI3M Visual Arts, Grade 11

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics, information design).

Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open
Grade: 11

AVI4M Visual Arts, Grade 12

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts.

Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12

Photography and Film Studies

AWQ3M Visual Arts- Photography, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics, information design). This course will focus on photography.

Prerequisite Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

AWR3M Visual Arts- Film/Video, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics, information design). This course focuses on film/video.

Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

AWQ4M Visual Arts- Photography, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts. This course will focus on photography.

Prerequisite: Visual Arts- Photography, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

AWR4M Visual Arts- Film/Video, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts. This course focuses on film/video.

Prerequisite: Visual Arts- Film/Video, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

Fashion Design

HNB4M The World of Fashion, Grade 12

This course gives students the opportunity to explore the world of fashion. Students will learn how to create a fashion product using various tools, techniques, and technologies while developing their practical skills. Students will learn about various factors that affect the global fashion industry, the needs of specialized markets, and the impact of fibre and fabric production and care. In addition, they will learn about social and historical influences on fashion. Students will apply research skills when investigating aspects of the fashion world.

Prerequisite: Any university, college, or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies
Grade: 12

Business Studies

BBI10 Introduction to Business, Grade 9

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.

Prerequisite: none
Grade: 9

BBI2O Introduction to Business, Grade 10, (Open)

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students to develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

BAF3M Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis and ethics and current issues in accounting.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

BAT4M Financial Accounting Principles, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course emphasizes the study of accounting principles related to financial statements. Students will learn about ways in which information in these statements is used in making business decisions, and about the effects of using different methods of inventory valuation and adjusting and reversing entries on financial statements. Students will also study the various ways of financing a business and ways in which the strength of a corporation can be determined through the reading of its annual report.

Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

BMI3C Marketing: Goods, Services, Events, Grade 11, (College)

This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, involvements, and events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global economic changes, and information technology influence consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing plan for a product of their choice.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

BDI3C Entrepreneurship: The Venture, Grade 11, (College Preparation)

This course focuses on ways in which entrepreneurs recognize opportunities, generate ideas, and organize resources to plan successful ventures that enable them to achieve their goals. Students will create a venture plan for a school-based or student-run business. Through hands-on experiences, students will have opportunities to develop the values, traits, and skills most often associated with successful entrepreneurs.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

BOH4M Business Leadership: Management Fundamentals, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course focuses on the development of leadership skills used in managing a successful business. Students will analyse the role of a leader in business, with a focus on decision making, management of group dynamics, workplace stress and conflict, motivation of employees, and planning. Effective business communication skills, ethics, and social responsibility are also emphasized.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

BBB4M International Business Fundamentals, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management.
Prerequisite: None
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program

Geography

CGC1D Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, (Academic)

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 9
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

CGF3M Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course examines Earth’s physical patterns and processes and how they create natural disasters and can contribute to human disasters. Students will explore how physical processes related to Earth’s water, land, and air, as well as interactions between these systems, can affect the planet and its people. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate Earth’s natural processes, to make predictions related to natural disasters, and to create plans to prepare for and/or respond to them.

Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

CGR4M The Environment and Resource Management, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems. Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols. Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environmentally responsible actions that support stewardship.

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

History

CHC2D Canadian History Since World War I, Grade 10, (Academic)

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

CHA3U American History, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course explores key aspects of the social, economic, and political development of the United States from precontact to the present. Students will examine the contributions of groups and individuals to the country’s evolution and will explore the historical context of key issues, trends, and events that have had an impact on the United States, its identity and culture, and its role in the global community. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating various forces that helped shape American history.

Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

CHW3M World History to the end of the 15th Century, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course explores the history of various societies around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will examine life in and the legacy of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world, including those in, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras.

Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program

CHY4U World History Since the 15th Century, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and ideas and assess societal progress or decline in world history.

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summers Program, Blyth Academy Online

Law and Politics

CHV2O Civics and Citizenship, Grade 10, (Open) (0.5 credit)

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them.

Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

This course is available in a bundle with GLC2O for $595

CLU3M Understanding Canadian Law, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will use case studies and apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to develop legal reasoning skills and to formulate and communicate informed interpretations of legal issues, and they will develop the ability to advocate for new laws.

Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

CLN4U Canadian and International Law, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law.


Prerequisite: Any university, university/college course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

CPW4U Canadian and World Politics, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore political decision-making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions, including different levels of government, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and work to influence domestic and international developments. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate current political policies, issues, and events, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

Economics

CIA4U Analyzing Current Economic Issues, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course examines current national and global economic trends and policies from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the impact of choices that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in responding to local, national, and global economic issues such as globalization and global economic inequalities, trade agreements, national debt, taxation, social spending, and consumer debt. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, current economic issues and to help them make reasoned economic decisions.

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

English

ENG1D English, Grade 9, (Academic)

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyze literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 9
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

ENG2D English, Grade 10, (Academic)

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

ENG3U English, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory grade 12 university or college preparation course.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

ENG3Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

ENG4U English, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college or the workplace.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Summer School – Accelerated, Blyth Academy Online

ENG4Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

EPS3O Presentation and Speaking Skills, Grade 11, (Open)

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

ETS4U Studies in Literature, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course is for students with a special interest in literature and literary criticism. The course may focus on themes, genres, time periods, or countries. Students will analyze a range of forms and stylistic elements of literary texts and respond personally, critically, and creatively to them. They will also assess critical interpretations, write analytical essays, and complete an independent study project.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

EWC4U The Writer’s Craft, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

French

FSF1D Core French, Grade 9, (Academic)

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will continue to develop language knowledge and skills by using language-learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways. They will also enhance their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of elementary Core French instruction, or equivalent
Grade: 9
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

FSF2D Core French, Grade 10, (Academic)

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will continue to develop their language knowledge and skills through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will continue to develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

FSF3U Core French, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts. They will continue to broaden their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning.

Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 10, Academic
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

FSF4U Core French, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. Students will also continue to enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning.

Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

Guidance and Career Education

GLS1O Learning Strategies: Skills for Success in Secondary School, Grade 9, (Open)

This course explores learning strategies and helps students become better, more independent learners while increasing their personal management skills, both in school and in other contexts. Students will learn how to develop and apply a range of strategies to improve their learning and achievement, particularly their literacy, numeracy, communication, and planning skills. This course will increase students’ confidence, motivation and ability to learn.

Grade: 9
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

GLC2O Career Studies, Grade 10, (Open) (0.5 credit)

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

This course is available in a bundle with CHV2O for $595

GPP3O Leadership and Peer Support, Grade 11, (Open)

This course prepares students to act in leadership and peer support roles. They will design and implement a plan for contributing to their school and/or community; develop skills in communication, interpersonal relations, teamwork, and conflict management; and apply those skills in leadership and/or peer support roles – for example, as a student council member or a peer tutor. Students will examine group dynamics and learn the value of diversity within groups and communities.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

GWL30 Designing Your Future, Grade 11

This course prepares students to make successful transitions to postsecondary destinations as they investigate specific postsecondary options based on their skills, interests, and personal characteristics. Students will explore the realities and opportunities of the workplace and examine factors that affect success, while refining their job-search and employability skills. Students will develop their portfolios with a focus on their targeted destination and develop an action plan for future success.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11

Co-Operative Education (2 Credits)

Planned learning experiences that take place in the community, such as work experience in cooperative education, provide students who are enrolled in courses of all types and in all disciplines with the opportunity to enhance their school programs. Experiential learning can assist all students, are bound for university, college, apprenticeship, or the workplace, in making career decisions, as well as in developing the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that are essential in today’s society. All forms of experiential learning are a valuable complement to students’ academic experience and preparation for the future. Cooperative education is offered in the form of credit courses that are scheduled for a full term.

Prerequisite: Linked course
Grade: student must be in grade 11 or 12

GLS4O Advanced Learning Strategies: Skills for Success after Secondary School, Grade 12

This course improves students’ learning and personal-management skills, preparing them to make successful transitions to work, training, and/or postsecondary education destinations. Students will assess their learning abilities and use literacy, numeracy, and research skills and personal-management techniques to maximize their learning. Students will investigate trends and resources to support their postsecondary employment, training, and/or education choices and develop a plan to help them meet their learning and career goals.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 12

Health and Physical Education

PPL1O Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 9

This course equips students with the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 9

PPL2O Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 10

This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

Prerequisite: None

Grade: 10

PPL3O Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 11

This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities and exposure to a broader range of activity settings, students enhance their movement competence, personal fitness, and confidence. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11

PPL4O Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 12

This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices. It places special emphasis on how students can maintain the habits of healthy, active living throughout their lives as they make the transition to adulthood and independent living. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities in a variety of settings, students can enhance their movement competence, personal fitness, and confidence. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 12

PSK4U Introduction to Kinesiology, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sport, and the physiological, psychological, and social factors that influence an individual’s participation in physical activity and sport. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education and health, kinesiology, health sciences, health studies, recreation, and sports administration.

Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 U or U/C course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 O course in Health and Physical Education
Grade: 12
Availability: Blyth Academy Online

PLF4M Recreation and Healthy Active Living Leadership, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course enables students to explore the benefits of lifelong participation in active recreation and healthy leisure and to develop the leadership and coordinating skills needed to plan, organize, and safely implement recreational events and other activities related to healthy, active living. Students will also learn how to promote the benefits of healthy, active living to others through mentoring and assisting them in making informed decisions that enhance their well-being. The course will prepare students for university programs in physical education and health and kinesiology and for college and university programs in recreation and leisure management, fitness and health promotion, and fitness leadership.

Prerequisite: Any health and physical education course
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses

Computer Science

ICS20 Introduction to Computer Studies, Grade 10, (Open)

This course introduces students to computer programming. Students will plan and write simple computer programs by applying fundamental programming concepts, and learn to create clear and maintainable internal documentation. They will also learn to manage a computer by studying hardware configurations, software selection, operating system functions, networking, and safe computing practices. Students will also investigate the social impact of computer technologies, and develop an understanding of environmental and ethical issues related to the use of computers.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

ICS3U Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

Mathematics

MPM1D Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, (Academic)

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Grade: 9
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

MPM2D Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, (Academic)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Mathematics Transfer Course
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

MCR3U Functions, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

MCR3Ur - Repeat Course
Available:
Blyth Academy Online

MCF3M Functions and Applications, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to financial and trigonometric applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses

MHF4U Advanced Functions, Grade 12, (University Preparation)
This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students who plan to study mathematics before proceeding to any one of the variety of university programs
Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Summer School – Accelerated, Blyth Academy Online
MHF4Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online
MCV4U Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course builds on student’s previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these concepts and skills to modelling of real-world relationships. This course is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.

Prerequisite/Co requisite: Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Summer School – Accelerated, Blyth Academy Online

MCV4Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

MDM4U Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing information. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving counting techniques, probability, and statistics; and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course. Students will continue to develop the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to pursue university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11 University Preparation or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

MDM4ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

Science

SNC1D Science, Grade 9, (Academic)

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 9
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SNC2D Science, Grade 10, (Academic)

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SVN3M Environmental Science, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and society in a variety of areas.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Applied or Academic
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SES4U Earth and Space Science, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

Biology

SBI3U Biology, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SCH3Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

SBI4U Biology, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

SBI4Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

Chemistry

SCH3U Chemistry, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SCH3Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

SCH4U Chemistry, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SCH4Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

Physics

SPH3U Physics, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SPH3Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

SPH4U Physics, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Part-time – All campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

SPH4Ur - Repeat Course
Available: Blyth Academy Online

Social Sciences and the Humanities

HIF10 Exploring Family Studies, Grade 9

This course explores, within the context of families, some of the fundamental challenges people face: how to meet basic needs, how to relate to others, how to manage resources, and how to become responsible members of society. Students will explore adolescent development and will have opportunities to develop interpersonal, decision-making, and practical skills related to daily life. They will learn about the diverse ways in which families function in Canada and will use research skills as they explore topics related to individual and family needs and resources.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 9

HIF20 Exploring Family Studies, Grade 10

This course explores, within the context of families, some of the fundamental challenges people face: how to meet basic needs, how to relate to others, how to manage resources, and how to become responsible members of society. Students will explore adolescent development and will have opportunities to develop interpersonal, decision-making, and practical skills related to daily life. They will learn about the diverse ways in which families function in Canada and will use research skills as they explore topics related to individual and family needs and resources.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10

HFN2O Food and Nutrition, Grade 10

This course focuses on guidelines for making nutritious food choices. Students will investigate factors that influence food choices, including beliefs, attitudes, current trends, traditional eating patterns, food-marketing strategies, and individual needs. Students will also explore the environmental impact of a variety of food choices at the local and global level. The course provides students with opportunities to develop food-preparation skills and introduces them to the use of social science research methods in the area of food and nutrition.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10

HZB3M Philosophy: The Big Questions, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course encourages exploration of philosophy’s big questions, such as: What is a meaningful life? What separates right from wrong? What constitutes knowledge? What makes something beautiful? What is a just society? Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they identify and analyze the responses of philosophers to the big questions and formulate their own response to them. Students will explore the relevance of philosophical questions to society and to their everyday life. They will develop research and inquiry skills as they investigate various topics in philosophy.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

HSG3M Gender Studies, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course enables students to explore the social construction of gender. Students will learn about the dynamic nature of gender roles and norms; sexism and power relations; and the impact of representations of women and men in the media, popular culture, and the arts. Students will analyse a range of gender equity issues, including gender-based violence and workplace equity, in both Canadian and global contexts. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to gender equity.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

HFC3M Food and Culture, Grade 11

This course focuses on the flavours, aromas, cooking techniques, foods, and cultural traditions of world cuisines. Students will explore the origins of and developments in diverse food traditions. They will demonstrate the ability to cook with ingredients and equipment from a variety of cultures, compare food-related etiquette in many countries and cultures, and explain how Canadian food choices and traditions have been influenced by other cultures. Students will develop practical skills and apply social science research methods while investigating foods and food practices from around the world.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11

HPC3O Raising Healthy Children, Grade 11

This course focuses on the skills and knowledge parents, guardians, and caregivers need, with particular emphasis on maternal health, pregnancy, birth, and the early years of human development (birth to six years old). Through study and practical experience, students will learn how to meet the developmental needs of young children, communicate with them, and effectively guide their early behaviour. Students will develop their research skills through investigations related to caregiving and child rearing.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11

HSP3U Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology, Grade 11, (University Preparation)

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines.

Prerequisite: The Grade 10 academic course in English or the Grade 10 academic history course (Canadian and world studies).
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

HRT3M World Religions and Belief Traditions: Perspectives, Issues, and Challenges, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course provides students with opportunities to explore various world religions and belief traditions. Students will develop knowledge of the terms and concepts relevant to this area of study, will examine the ways in which religions and belief traditions meet various human needs, and will learn about the relationship between belief and action. They will examine sacred writings and teachings, consider how concepts of time and place influence different religions and belief traditions, and develop research and inquiry skills related to the study of human expressions of belief.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

HSB4U Challenge and Change in Society, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change.

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

HFA4U Nutrition and Health, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course examines the relationships between food, energy balance, and nutritional status; the nutritional needs of individuals at different stages of life; and the role of nutrition in health and disease. Students will evaluate nutrition-related trends and will determine how food choices can promote food security and environmental responsibility. Students will learn about healthy eating, expand their repertoire of food-preparation techniques, and develop their social science research skills by investigating issues related to nutrition and health.

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

HHS4U Families in Canada, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships.

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online

HZT4U Philosophy: Questions and Theories, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy (the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics). Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy.

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-Time – All campuses, Part-Time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

HSE4M Equity and Social Justice: from Theory to Practice, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course enables students to develop an understanding of the theoretical, social, and historical underpinnings of various equity and social justice issues and to analyze strategies for bringing about positive social change. Students will learn about historical and contemporary equity and social justice issues in Canada and globally. They will explore power relations and the impact of a variety of factors on equity and social justice. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to an equity or social justice issue.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

Communications Technology

TGJ2O Communications Technology, Grade 10, (Open)

This course introduces students to communications technology from a media perspective. Students will work in the areas of TV/video and movie production, radio and audio production, print and graphic communications, photography, and animation. Student projects may include computer-based activities such as creating videos, editing photos, working with audio, cartooning, developing animations, and designing web pages. Students will also develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology and explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 10
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

TGJ3M Communications Technology, Grade 11, (University/College Preparation)

This course examines communications technology from a media perspective. Students will develop knowledge and skills as they design and produce media projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. These areas may include TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues and explore college and university programs and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields.

Prerequisite: None
Grade: 11
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

TGJ4M Communications Technology, Grade 12, (University/College Preparation)

This course enables students to further develop media knowledge and skills while designing and producing projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. Students may work in the areas of TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology and will investigate career opportunities and challenges in a rapidly changing technological environment.

Prerequisite: Communications Technology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses

Classical Studies and International Languages

LVV4U Classical Civilizations, Grade 12, (University Preparation)

This course introduces students to the rich cultural legacy of the Classical world and encourages them to make connections between antiquity and other societies and to their own personal experiences. Students will investigate such aspects of Classical culture as its mythology and literature, art, architecture, philosophy, science, and technology, as well as elements of the ancient Greek and Latin languages. By reading Classical authors in English translation and examining material culture brought to light through archaeology, students will enhance both their communication skills and their ability to think critically and creatively. In addition, they will be encouraged to be culturally sensitive, independent learners who appreciate the interconnectedness of ancient and modern societies and who will be able to apply this understanding to their future endeavours.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
Grade: 12
Availability: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, International Summer Program, Blyth Academy Online

Advanced Placement Courses

AP English Literature and Composition, Grade 12

The AP English Literature and Composition course aligns to an introductory college-level analysis course. The course engages students in the close reading and critical analysis of imaginative literature to deepen their understanding of the ways writers use language to provide both meaning and pleasure. As they read, students consider a work’s structure, style, and themes, as well as its use of figurative language, imagery symbolism, and tone. Writing assignments include expository, analytical, and argumentative essays that require students to analyse and interpret literary works.

Prerequisite: There are no prerequisite courses for AP English Literature and Composition. Students should be able to read and comprehend college-level texts and apply the conventions of Standard English in their writing. Completion of ENG4U prior to attempting this course is recommended.

Grade: 12

AP Calculus AB, Grade 12

AP Calculus AB is roughly equivalent to a first semester college calculus course devoted to topics in differential and integral calculus. The AP course covers topics in these areas, including concepts and skills of limits, derivatives, definite integrals, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The course teaches students to approach calculus concepts and problems when they are presented graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally, and to make connections amongst these representations. Students learn how to use technology to help solve problems, experiment, interpret results, and support conclusions.

Prerequisite: Before studying calculus, all students should complete four years of secondary mathematics designed for college-bound students: courses in which they study algebra, geometry, trigonometry, analytic geometry, and elementary functions. These functions include linear, polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric and piecewise-defined functions. In particular, before studying calculus, students must be familiar with the properties of functions, the algebra of functions, and the graphs of functions. Students must also understand the language of functions (domain and range, odd and even, periodic, symmetry, zeros, intercepts, and so on) and know the values of the trigonometric functions at the numbers 0, π/6, π/4, π/3, π/2, and their multiples. Completion of MCV4U prior to attempting this course is recommended.

Grade: 12

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