Advanced Placement Preparation Chemistry
AVAILABILITY: Blyth Academy Online
Please Note: This is a preparation course only. A credit will not be issued by Blyth Academy Online. Students wishing to earn an Advanced Placement credit must write the official AP exam that is administered by the College Board.
The Advanced Placement Chemistry online course provides students with a college-level foundation to support future advanced coursework in chemistry. Students cultivate their understanding of chemistry through inquiry-based investigations, as they explore topics such as atomic structure, intermolecular forces and bonding, chemical reactions, kinetics, thermodynamics, and equilibrium.
UNIT ONEStructure of Matter, Bonding and Intermolecular Forces
- In this unit, students will learn about the atomic models put forth by Thompson, Rutherford, Bohr and Schrodinger. They will review the trends in the periodic table as well as reviewing the elemental families and development of the periodic table. Students will also review the types of intramolecular forces (or bonds) that exist within molecules. Students will examine the forces between molecules of a similar and different type that lead to properties such as solubility & state. Students will learn how to draw Lewis structures and will examine the orbital geometry of molecular structures. Students will also learn about the Quantum Mechanical Model, will draw electron configurations based on this Model and make renewed links to periodic trends. Students will learn about the concept of hybridization and be given the chance to practice their hybridization skills.
UNIT TWOOrganic Chemistry and Applications
- In this unit, students will be introduced to what it means to be organic…chemically. Students will explore naming and drawing simple, cyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbons and their properties. Students will also explore naming and drawing properties of functional groups that have one bond, groups that have a double bond to carbon and groups that link two hydrocarbons together. Students will learn about the different organic reactions and about the different types of polymers, how they are formed and their social, economic, environmental and physiological importance.
UNIT THREEChemical Kinetics and Applications
- In this unit, students will learn how to appropriately report answers and observations. Students will learn how to find the rates at which different reactants and products are being used or formed during a chemical reaction using stoichiometry. Students will gain an understanding of what a rate law is and how to determine a rate law experimentally. Students will also learn about reaction mechanisms.
UNIT FOURThermochemistry and Applications
- In this unit, students will discuss various forms of energy and the relationship between heat, temperature, energy and the motion of particles. Students will learn about the laws of thermodynamics what the difference between chemical and nuclear reactions is. Students will use the calculation of estimations to relate energy changes when associated with heating or cooling a substance to the heat capacity; with phase transition to enthalpy of vaporization/fusion; with a chemical reaction to enthalpy; and with energy changes and work. Students will gain an understanding of Bond Energy and Hess’ law. Students will also learn how to use representations and models to predict the sign and relative magnitude of the entropy change associated with chemical or physical processes.
UNIT FIVEChemical Equilibrium and Applications
- In this unit, students will learn about equilibrium systems and make connections between the value of the equilibrium constant and the position of equilibrium and represent this in a variety of ways. Students will also learn how to calculate the Reaction Quotient, Q. Students will use Le Chatelier’s principle to predict the direction of the shift resulting from various possible stresses on a system at chemical equilibrium. Students will learn how to set up and use ICE tables and learn about solubility Equilibria. They will use molecular structure and intermolecular forces to classify molecules as strong or weak acids or bases and calculate the pH of solutions containing salts. Students will determine the amount of acid or base required to reach equivalence point in a titration and the pH of the solution at that point. Students will also identify what a buffer is comprised of and its properties.
UNIT SIXElectrochemistry and Applications
- In this unit, students will learn about oxidation, reduction, an oxidizing agent and reducing agent and be able to identify which species in a chemical reaction are oxidized or reduced and which act as the oxidizing or reducing agent. Students will assign oxidation numbers to each species in a chemical reaction and identify a reaction as redox-based on the transfer of electrons. Students will learn how to balance redox reactions under neutral, acidic or basic conditions using the half-reaction or oxidation number method. Students will learn how to describe and draw a galvanic cell and name its components, as well as calculate the cell potential for a given set of electrodes and use the data to analyze the properties of the underlying redox reactions. Students will learn how to describe corrosion as a redox reaction and how to describe methods of preventing corrosion and their importance. Students will gain an understanding of electrolytic cells and how to make qualitative and quantitative predictions about galvanic or electrolytic cells on the basis of the reactions involved.
PRACTICE FINAL EXAM
- This practice exam is the final task of the course. This activity will provide students with the opportunity to challenge their knowledge of concepts learned throughout this course.