CLN4U Canadian & International Law – Grade 12 (University)
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.
GRADE: 12 (University)
AVAILABILITY: Full-time – All Campuses, Private – All campuses, Blyth Academy Online
THE ONTARIO CURRICULUM: Canadian and World Studies
CLN4U online explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. In CLN4U online, students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law.
UNIT ONEHeritage of Canadian Law
- In this unit, students will learn how their personal and cultural values influence law as well as what types of changes in society can lead to changes in the law. Students will examine what the legal debate around the kirpan has been in Canada and how it relates to values in a multicultural society. Students will learn what early forms of justice were like in Europe, what legal traditions have historically influenced Canadian law and how “common law” was developed. This unit will cover what primary and secondary sources of law are, the various categories of law and how religion and morality have influenced the law. Students will learn about jurisprudence and its various schools. Students will examine what is meant by the term “vice” and the debates around safe-injection sites and prostitution in Canada and how these debates relate to legal theory and philosophy.
UNIT TWORights and Freedoms
- In this unit, students will learn about the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Students will learn about the history of the Canadian constitution, what the BNA Act, Confederation, the Constitution Act, and the Meech Lake Accord are as well as how the Quebec independence movement has shaped Canada’s constitutional debate. Students will investigate what the Notwithstanding clause is, how it is invoked and what rights it can override. Students will gain an understanding of what happened during the 2010 G-20 summit in Toronto, and how the response to the protests related to Charter Rights. Students will learn about what is considered “hate speech” under Canadian law as well as the debate around Quebec’s proposed “charter of values”.
UNIT THREECriminal Law
- In this unit, students will examine the myths and facts about crime and criminals as well as various psychological and sociological theories about why people commit crimes. Students will learn what different types of offences are, what mens rea and actus reus mean as well as what the difference between absolute and strict liability is. Students will explore the police procedure, different types of evidence and how warrants and “citizen’s arrest” works. Students will learn how the bail system works and why someone might be denied bail. They will also examine the different jobs held by those who can appear in the courtroom including the role of judges and juries. Students will investigate the defences that are acceptable in court and about the different types of defences. Finally, students will learn the factors a judge takes into consideration when determining a sentence and the various sentencing options available to a judge.
UNIT FOURInternational Law
- In this unit, students will learn about the key principles of international law. Students will examine how the United Nations works, its different parts and criticisms of the United Nations. Students will learn about various issues in international law, what the Nuremberg trials were and how these trials affected international law. Students will learn what the International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute are, as well as examine some notable ICC cases and criticisms. Students will also learn about the declaration of the rights of a child and the different roles in an international criminal trial.
FINAL EXAMProctored Exam
- This exam is the final evaluation of CLN4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours. There are three options for taking the exam:
- WRITE EXAM AT BLYTH ACADEMY CAMPUS: If you live close to a Blyth Academy Campus, or if you attend a Blyth Academy Campus, you can take your exam there. Once inside the exam scheduling interface, please click Login/Create Account. Check for an available time and date at the campus of your choosing. The earliest available date will be open within the next 3-5 business days. You cannot book an exam in more than one campus or multiple times at the same campus. You will receive an automatic confirmation email with next steps and exam information. You can cancel and reschedule anytime using the same link.
- ARRANGE YOUR OWN PROCTOR: If you want to arrange a proctor yourself, you can do that. The proctor will need to be approved by us and will need to supervise the exam at his or her place of work, or at a public place such as a library. Some libraries and study centres offer this service themselves. The proctor must be approved by us and must be a working professional (eg teacher, doctor, businessperson, and must provide a work email address for correspondence (no Gmail, Hotmail, etc.). Please note that the final exam cannot be proctored by a family member or by a tutor for that specific subject. Once inside the exam scheduling interface, please click Login/Create Account. Select Arranging My Own Proctor and proceed to schedule your exam.
- USE EXAMITY PROCTORING SERVICE: For a fee of 22 USD*, students can arrange to take their exam in the comfort of their own home, at any time, on any day. Please select Examity Exam in the exam section of your course to set up your Examity profile and schedule your exam. Exams must be scheduled at least 24 hours in advance. *Price is subject to change.
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